1 Kezshura

Critical Geopolitics Bibliography

AGAR, M., 2005, 'Local Discourse and Global Research: The Role of Local Knowledge', Language in Society, 34, pp. 1-22.

AGNEW, J., 1998, Geopolitics: Re-Visioning World Politics, London, Routledge.

AGNEW, J., and CORBRIDGE, S., 1995, Mastering Space: Hegemony, Territory and International Political Economy, London, Routledge.

ALVESSON, M., and KÄRREMAN, D., 2000, 'Varieties of Discourse: On the Study of Organizations through Discourse Analysis', Human Relations, 53 (9), pp. 1125-1149.

ANGERMÜLLER, J., 2001, 'Diskursanalyse: Strömungen, Tendenzen, Perspektiven. Eine Einführung. [Discourse Analysis: Strands, Tendencies, Perspectives. An Introduction]', in Angermüller, J., Bunzmann, K. and Nonhoff, M. (eds.) Diskursanalyse: Theorien, Methoden, Anwendungen, Hamburg, Argument, pp. 7-22.

ANGERMÜLLER, J., 2005, '"Qualitative" Methods of Social Research in France: Reconstructing the Actor, Deconstructing the Subject', Forum Qualitative Social Research, 6 (3), pp.

ANTAKI, C., BILLIG, M., EDWARDS, D., and POTTER, J. 2003. Discourse Analysis Means Doing Analysis: A Critique of Six Analytic Shortcomings. In Discourse Analysis Online.

BILGIN, P., 2007, '"Only Strong States Can Survive in Turkey's Geography": The Uses Of "Geopolitical Truths" In Turkey', Political Geography, 26 (7), pp. 740-756.

BILLIG, M., 1999a, 'Whose Terms? Whose Ordinariness? Rhetoric and Ideology in Conversation Analysis', Discourse & Society, 10, pp. 543-558.

BILLIG, M., 1999b, 'Conversation Analysis and Claims of Naiveté', Discourse & Society, 10, pp. 572-577.

BRUELL, C., 2007, 'Kollektive Identität in der radikalen Demokratietheorie: Die Wahlen zum Europäischen Parlament in österreichischen Medien', in Nonhoff, M. (ed.) Diskurs - Radikale Demokratie - Hegemonie: Zum politischen Denken von Ernesto Laclau und Chantal Mouffe, Bielefeld, transcript, pp. 195-222.

CHECKEL, J., 2004, 'Social Constructivism in Global and European Politics: A Review Essay', Review of International Studies, 30, pp. 229-244.

CHOULIARAKI, L., and FAIRCLOUGH, N., 1999, Discourse in Late Modernity: Rethinking Critical Discourse Analysis, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press.

CICOUREL, A. V., 1992, 'The Interpenetration of Communicative Contexts: Examples from Medical Encounters', in Duranti, A. and Goodwin, C. (eds.) Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 291-310.

DAHLMAN, C. T., and BRUNN, S. D., 2003, 'Reading Geopolitics Beyond the State: Organisational Discourse in Response to 11 September', Geopolitics, 8 (3), pp. 253-280.

DALBY, S., 1991, 'Critical Geopolitics: Discourse, Difference and Dissent', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 9, pp. 261-283.

DIJKINK, G., 1996, National Identity and Geopolitical Visions: Maps of Pride and Pain, London, Routledge.

DODDS, K., 2000, Geopolitics in a Changing World, Harlow, Prentice Hall.

DODDS, K., 2001, 'Political Geography III: Critical Geopolitics after 10 Years', Progress in Human Geography, 25 (3), pp. 469-484.

DODDS, K. J., and SIDAWAY, J. D., 1994, 'Locating Critical Geopolitics', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 12 (5), pp. 515-524.

FAIRCLOUGH, N., 1995, Critical Discourse Analysis, London, Longman.

FAIRCLOUGH, N., and WODAK, R., 1997, 'Critical Discourse Analysis', in van Dijk, T. A. (ed.) Discourse as Social Interaction, London, Sage, pp. 258-284.

FOUCAULT, M., 1972 [1969], The Archaeology of Knowledge, London, Tavistock.

GILBERT, E., 2005, 'The Inevitability of Integration? Neoliberal Discourse and the Proposals for a New North American Economic Space after September 11', Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 95 (1), pp. 202-222.

GLASZE, G., 2007a, 'Vorschläge zur Operationalisierung der Diskurstheorie von Laclau und Mouffe in einer Triangulation von lexikometrischen und interpretativen Methoden', Forum Qualitative Social Research, 8 (2), pp.

GLASZE, G., 2007b, 'The Discursive Constitution of a World-Spanning Region and the Role of Empty Signifiers: The Case of Francophonia', Geopolitics, 12 (4), pp. 656-679.

GLASZE, G., and MATTISSEK, A., 2009, (eds.) Handbuch Diskurs und Raum: Theorien und Methoden für die Humangeographie sowie die sozial- und kulturwissenschaftliche Raumforschung. Bielefeld: transcript.

HÄKLI, J., 1998, 'Discourse in the Production of Political Space: Decolonizing the Symbolism of Provinces in Finland', Political Geography, 17 (3), pp. 331-363.

HAMNETT, C., 1997, 'Guest Editorial: The Sleep of Reason?', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 15 (2), pp. 127-128.

HANSEN, A. D., and SØRENSEN, E., 2004, 'Polity as Politics: Studying the Shaping and Effects of Discursive Polities', in Howarth, D. and Torfing, J. (eds.) Discourse Theory in European Politics: Identity, Policy and Governance, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 93-116.

HERACLEOUS, L., and HENDRY, J., 2000, 'Discourse and the Study of Organization: Toward a Structurational Perspective', Human Relations, 53 (10), pp. 1251-1286.

HOWARTH, D., 2004, 'Applying Discourse Theory: The Method of Articulation', in Howarth, D. and Torfing, J. (eds.) Discourse Theory in European Politics: Identity, Policy and Governance, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 316-349.

HYNDMAN, J., 2004, 'Mind the Gap: Bridging Feminist and Political Geography through Geopolitics', Political Geography, 23, pp. 307-322.

JØRGENSEN, M. W., and PHILLIPS, L., 2002, Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method, London, Sage.

KENDALL, G., and WICKHAM, G., 1999, Using Foucault's Methods, London, Sage.

KUUS, M., 2004, 'Europe's Eastern Expansion and the Reinscription of Otherness in East-Central Europe', Progress in Human Geography, 28 (4), pp. 472-489.

KUUS, M., 2007, 'Ubiquitous Identities, Elusive Subjects: Puzzles from Central Europe', Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 32 (1), pp. 90-101.

LACLAU, E., 1995, 'Subject of Politics, Politics of the Subject', Differences, 7 (1), pp. 145-164.

LACLAU, E., 1996, Emanicaption(s), London, Phronesis.

LACLAU, E., and MOUFFE, C., 1985, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics, London, Verso.

LACLAU, E., and MOUFFE, C., 1990 [1987], 'Post-Marxism without Apologies', in Laclau, E. (ed.) New Reflections on the Revolution of Our Time, London, Verso, pp. 97-132.

MARTIN, R., 2001, 'Geography and Public Policy: The Case of the Missing Agenda', Progress in Human Geography, 25 (2), pp. 189-210.

MATTISSEK, A., 2008, Die neoliberale Stadt: Diskursive Repräsentationen im Stadtmarketing deutscher Großstädte, Bielefeld, transcript.

MATTISSEK, A., and REUBER, P., 2004, 'Die Diskursanalyse als Methode in der Geographie: Ansätze und Potentiale [Discourse Analysis as a Method in Geographical Research: Approaches and Potential]', Geographische Zeitschrift, 92 (4), pp. 227-242.

MEGORAN, N., 2004, 'The Critical Geopolitics of the Uzbekistan-Kyrgyzstan Ferghana Valley Boundary Dispute, 1999-2000', Political Geography, 23 (6), pp. 731-764.

MEGORAN, N., 2005, 'The Critical Geopolitics of Danger in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 23 (4), pp. 555-580.

MILLIKEN, J., 1999, 'The Study of Discourse in International Relations: A Critique of Research and Methods', European Journal of International Relations, 5 (2), pp. 225-254.

MOUFFE, C., 1995, 'Post-Marxism: Democracy and Identity', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 13, pp. 259-266.

MÜLLER, M., 2008, 'Reconsidering the Concept of Discourse in the Field of Critical Geopolitics: Towards Discourse as Language and Practice', Political Geography, 27 (3), pp. 322-338.

MÜLLER, M., 2009, Making Great Power Identities in Russia: An Ethnographic Discourse Analysis of Education at a Russian Elite University, Zürich, LIT.

NEUMANN, I. B., 2002, 'Returning Practice to the Linguistic Turn: The Case of Diplomacy', Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 31 (3), pp. 627-651.

NEWMAN, D., 2000, 'Citizenship, Identity and Location: The Changing Discourse of Israeli Geopolitics', in Dodds, K. and Atkinson, D. (eds.) Geopolitical Traditions: A Century of Geopolitical Thought, London, Routledge, pp. 302-331.

NONHOFF, M., 2006, Politischer Diskurs und Hegemonie: Das Projekt "Soziale Marktwirtschaft" [Political Discourse and Hegemony: The Project of A "Social Market Economy"], Bielefeld, transcript.

NONHOFF, M., 2007, (ed.) Diskurs - Radikale Demokratie - Hegemonie: Zum politischen Denken von Ernesto Laclau und Chantal Mouffe. Bielefeld: transcript.

Ó TUATHAIL, G., 1996, Critical Geopolitics: The Politics of Writing Global Space, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.

Ó TUATHAIL, G., 2002, 'Theorizing Practical Geopolitical Reasoning: The Case of the United States' Response to the War in Bosnia', Political Geography, 21 (5), pp. 601-628.

Ó TUATHAIL, G., and AGNEW, J., 1992, 'Geopolitics and Discourse: Practical Geopolitical Reasoning in American Foreign Policy', Political Geography, 11 (2), pp. 190-204.

O'LOUGHLIN, J., Ó TUATHAIL, G., and KOLOSSOV, V., 2005, 'Russian Geopolitical Culture and Public Opinion: The Masks of Proteus Revisited', Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 30 (3), pp. 322-335.

PHILLIPS, N., and HARDY, C., 2002, Discourse Analysis: Investigating Processes of Social Construction, London, Sage.

POULIOT, V., 2007, '"Sobjectivism": Toward a Constructivist Methodology', International Studies Quarterly, 51 (2), pp. 350-384.

ROSE, G., 2007, Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to the Interpretation of Visual Materials, Second ed, London, Sage.

SCHEGLOFF, E. A., 1992, 'In Another Context', in Duranti, A. and Goodwin, C. (eds.) Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 191-228.

SCHEGLOFF, E. A., 1997, 'Whose Text? Whose Context?', Discourse and Society, 8, pp. 165-187.

SCHULZ, D., 2007, 'Hegemoniale Artikulation: Frankreichs "Nation" Als Leerer Signifikant', in Nonhoff, M. (ed.) Diskurs - Radikale Demokratie - Hegemonie: Zum politischen Denken von Ernesto Laclau und Chantal Mouffe, Bielefeld, transcript, pp. 223-244.

SHAPIRO, M., 1992, Reading the Postmodern Polity, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.

SHARP, J. P., 2000a, Condensing the Cold War: Reader's Digest and American Identity, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.

STRÜVER, A., 2007, 'The Production of Geopolitical and Gendered Images through Global Aid Organisations', Geopolitics, 12 (4), pp. 680-703.

SUNDBERG, J., 2008, ''Trash-Talk' and the Production of Geopolitical Boundaries in the USA-Mexico Borderlands', Social & Cultural Geography, 9 (8), pp. 871-890.

THOMASSEN, L., 2005, 'Antagonism, Hegemony and Ideology after Heterogeneity', Journal of Political Ideologies, 10 (3), pp. 289-309.

TITSCHER, S., MEYER, M., WODAK, R., and VETTER, E., 2000, Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis: In Search of Meaning, London, Sage.

TORFING, J., 1999, New Theories of Discourse: Laclau, Mouffe, and Žižek, Oxford, Blackwell.

VAN DIJK, T. A. 2008. What Do We Mean By "Discourse Analysis"? 1990 [cited 18 August 2008]. Available from www.discourses.org/whatisda.htm.

VAN DIJK, T. A., 1993, 'Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis', Discourse & Society, 4, pp. 249-283.

VAN DIJK, T. A., 2001, 'Critical Discourse Analysis', in Schiffrin, D., Tannen, D. and Hamilton, H. E. (eds.) The Handbook of Discourse Analysis, Oxford, Blackwell, pp. 352-371.

VAN DIJK, T. A., 2003, 'The Discourse-Knowledge Interface', in Weiss, G. and Wodak, R. (eds.) Critical Discourse Analysis: Theory and Interdisciplinarity, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 85-109.

VAN DIJK, T. A., 2006, 'Discourse and Manipulation', Discourse & Society, 17 (3), pp. 359-383.

WEISS, G., and WODAK, R., 2003, 'Theory, Interdisciplinarity and Critical Discourse Analysis', in Weiss, G. and Wodak, R. (eds.) Critical Discourse Analysis: Theory and Interdisciplinarity, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1-32.

WETHERELL, M., 2001, 'Debates in Discourse Research', in Wetherell, M., Taylor, S. and Yates, S. (eds.) Discourse Theory and Practice: A Reader, London, Sage, pp. 380-399.

WOOD, L. A., and KROGER, R. O., 2000, Doing Discourse Analysis: Methods for Studying Action in Talk and Text, London, Sage.

ŽIŽEK, S., 1989, The Sublime Object of Ideology, London, Verso.

Top of page

Geopolitics made a slow comeback starting in the 1960s, after its popularity among leading figures of the Third Reich had made it taboo. Hepple 1986 gives a good overview of the reemergence of geopolitical thought in the 1970s and 1980s. Mamadouh 1998 documents the different directions this discipline has since sought. In its discussion of various strands, Parker 1998 focuses on how classical geopolitical theories can be applied in future research. Kliot and Newman 2000 concentrates on critical approaches to geopolitics and discusses issues such as cross-border flows, territory, and sovereignty. Csurgai 2009 provides an introduction to geopolitical thought, geopolitical models, and geostrategy, in which one can sense a French influence. In an engaging way, Moreau Desfarges 2009 gives a French perspective on geopolitical ideas from France and abroad. Criekemans 2006 offers a very broad overview of geopolitical thought that covers more than a century and many countries. Van der Wusten and Mamadouh 2015 tell the (hi)story of geopolitics, examine its relevance for the Netherlands and explore possible futures of the concept. Coutau-Bégarie and Motte provide a rare and stimulating combination of edited contributions on geopolitical ideas that range from the Greek civilization (when the word geopolitics did not exist yet) to the 21st century. The website Exploring Geopolitics contains interviews with traditional, critical, and French geopolitical scholars and accessible articles about key themes, such as sovereignty, national identity, and cartography.

  • Coutau-Bégarie, Hervé, and Martin Motte. Approches de la Géopolitique. De l’Antiquité au XXIe Siècle. Paris: Economica, 2013.

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    What makes this edited volume a valuable resource for geopolitical scholars is that it contains an enormous wealth of ideas from many centuries. The contributions discuss ideas of well-known geopolitical scholars such as Kjellén, Mackinder and Brzezinski, but also of hardly known thinkers such as Giacomo Durando, Camille Vallaux and Jordis von Lohausen. The stimulating nature of this work is further enhanced by its coverage of many centuries of geopolitical thought, starting with the role of geopolitics avant la lettre in the ancient Greek world.

  • Criekemans, David. Geopolitiek: “Geografisch geweten” van de buitenlandse politiek? Antwerp, Belgium: Garant, 2006.

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    This is the most extensive discussion of geopolitical theories available, and it includes dozens of different definitions in an appendix. An English translation of this Dutch book would be valuable, as this broad overview of the geopolitical discipline deserves a global audience.

  • Csurgai, Gyula, ed. Geopolitics: Schools of Thought, Method of Analysis, Case Studies. Geneva, Switzerland: Éditions de Penthes, 2009.

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    This overview contains useful introductions to geopolitical schools of thought, geopolitical analysis models, and geostrategy followed by related studies of India, Iran, Sudan, “color revolutions,” and Islam. The text’s combination of accessible discussions of theories and concepts and their applications to timely developments makes it a useful source for undergraduates and a nonacademic audience.

  • Exploring Geopolitics. Edited by Leonhardt van Efferink.

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    Website that seeks to provide a platform to geopolitical scholars, positioned between the academic journals and mass media. The scholars’ contributions concerning their research and views are written in an accessible way and are not edited. The floor is given to both traditionally oriented and critically oriented scholars so as to offer a broad and general overview of geopolitics.

  • Hepple, Leslie W. “The Revival of Geopolitics.” Political Geography Quarterly 5.4 (1986): S21–S36.

    DOI: 10.1016/0260-9827(86)90055-8E-mail Citation »

    Hepple covers why and how geopolitics reentered the academic and popular debates in North America and Europe in the 1970s after an absence of more than twenty years. He argues that geographers should play an active role in contextualizing geopolitical problems. This article stimulated the emerging academic debate on geopolitics in Anglo-Saxon academia in the 1980s after the discipline had become taboo following the collapse of the Third Reich in 1945. Available online for purchase or by subscription.

  • Kliot, Nurit, and David Newman, eds. Geopolitics at the End of the Twentieth Century: The Changing World Political Map. Cass Studies in Geopolitics. London: Cass, 2000.

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    The contributions highlight the different ways increased cross-border flows have affected the study of geopolitics, particularly through the changing roles of states. The authors present important concepts, such as statehood, regionalization, and deterritorialization. This book made an important contribution to the debate on how to problematize key spatial concepts.

  • Mamadouh, V. D. “Geopolitics in the Nineties: One Flag, Many Meanings.” GeoJournal 46.4 (1998): 237–253.

    DOI: 10.1023/A:1006950931650E-mail Citation »

    This article outlines many different geopolitical approaches and distinguishes among four main strands: neoclassical geopolitics, subversive geopolitics, nongeopolitics, and critical geopolitics. Moreover, the author examines the position of geostrategy and geoeconomics within geopolitical thought. The article is highly recommended for undergraduates and a nonacademic audience for its conciseness, accessible style, and breadth. Available online for purchase or by subscription.

  • Moreau Defarges, Philippe. Introduction à la géopolitique. 3d ed. Points. Paris: Seuil, 2009.

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    The opening chapter highlights the central role of history in French geopolitical thinking and provides a stimulating view of the possible relationships between human beings and space. The author also discusses theories on “land” and “sea” geopolitics, conflict studies, and geoeconomics. In all, the book offers an engaging French perspective on geopolitics for a broad audience.

  • Parker, Geoffrey. Geopolitics: Past, Present, and Future. London: Pinter, 1998.

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    This book gives a history of geopolitical thinking, after which the author claims that new concepts are necessary to make geopolitical theories more applicable to contemporary issues in world politics. The work’s suggestions to modify existing ideas and focus more on concepts such as world order fueled particularly the classical-geopolitical debate.

  • Van der Wusten, Herman, and Virginie Mamadouh. Geopolitiek. Elementaire deeltjes. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2015.

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    This first short introduction to geopolitics in Dutch discusses the history of the concept and its various meanings. The book contains special chapters on Germany, the United States and the Netherlands in the EU context. It offers an accessible perspective on geopolitics that includes both historical references and thoughts about the future, clarified by many relevant examples in the form of texts, images and maps.

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