Carlyles Essay On Burns 1924

“Manuscripts don’t burn,” says the devil in Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita, pulling one that everyone thought had out from under his enormous talking cat. Of course they don’t, one might think. Well, not anymore, anyway. After all, these days so many books are written directly into the cloud that burning would seem nearly impossible—barring the global crash that is almost definitely coming if we stay on our current path. Perhaps that’s why legends of destroyed manuscripts linger so long in the literary imagination—we’re beginning to forget the truth that anything might be lost forever.

And of course, manuscripts do burn. But manuscripts can also hide when they were thought to have burned, only to be discovered years later in a drawer in someone’s sitting room, secreted there or merely forgotten. They can refuse to burn—or rather, someone can refuse to burn them. They can be burned accidentally, or after a long, desperate battle. Here, I’ve collected ten stories of the destruction (or threat thereof) of unpublished works, diaries and letters by notable authors—texts, in other words, of interest to the world. Some prove immortal, others duly destroyed, and some others live on in ghost-like forms, re-created, ostensibly imperfectly, by their makers. We may be at the end of stories like these, given the cloud and all, which makes them feel more resonant. I doubt even in the future anyone will be reading ten stories of the epic hard-drive failures of famous authors. But then again, who knows? Read on, while you can.

Lord Byron, Diaries

Byron was famously mad, bad, and dangerous to know—and so, it seems, were his memoirs, which his friends deemed so salacious, so potentially damaging to his reputation and to those of his ex-wife and daughter, that they decided to destroy them in an act sometimes described as “the greatest crime in literary history.” Here it is, as dramatized by Benita Eisler in the New York Times:

On Monday, May 17, 1824, near noon, six men gathered in the high-ceilinged drawing room at 50 Albemarle Street, off Piccadilly, in a house that served as both home and office to the publisher John Murray. For days the group had been quarreling among themselves. Alliances shifted. Messages flew back and forth, and meetings between pairs continued through the morning. Once they were finally assembled, an argument flared between two of their number, John Cam Hobhouse, a rising young parliamentarian from a wealthy Bristol family, and Thomas Moore, a Dublin-born poet and grocer’s son. Angry words threatened to turn into physical violence. Finally, the decision of the host prevailed, and calm was restored. Murray then asked his sixteen-year-old son to join them. Introduced as heir to his father’s business, the boy was invited to witness a momentous event. A servant appeared, carrying two bound manuscript volumes. While the group drew closer to the fire blazing in the grate, two others, Wilmot Horton and Colonel Doyle, took the books and, tearing them apart, fed the pages, covered with handwriting familiar to all those present, to the crackling flames. Within minutes, the memoirs of George Gordon, sixth Lord Byron, were reduced to a mound of ashes.

Of course, this is unbearably tantalizing: what was so terrible that his friends resolved to destroy the evidence? And how would we feel about it today, if we knew? Perhaps we never will, but then again—you know what they say about manuscripts.

Thomas Carlyle, History of the French Revolution

Here’s a tip: if you want to save yourself a lot of trouble, don’t lend out your books. Or actually, just don’t lend out your unpublished manuscript, the one you’ve been working on for months, especially when it’s your only copy. In 1835, Thomas Carlyle asked his friend John Stuart Mill to read his draft of History of the French Revolution—the book he thought would “finally make his literary reputation”—but one night, Mill came to his door to admit a horrible truth: a maid had mistaken the manuscript for waste paper, and burned it. But was that actually the truth? As Rachel Cohen writes in The New Yorker,

Even at the beginning, Carlyle must have had, as we do, certain questions. Mill’s house was full of valuable manuscripts; why would a maid just seize the first pages she saw and use them for kindling? Mill seems to have put them in a pile intended for waste; was there anything behind his carelessness? Was he jealous of Carlyle’s accomplishment, or dismayed that Carlyle had represented the coming of democracy so differently than Mill would have?

After all, Mill had once wanted to write a book on the same topic, which is suspicious. But it didn’t matter, in the end—after a hard start, Carlyle rewrote the book, and when it was published in 1837, Mill wrote a glowing review: “no work of greater genius, either historical or poetical, has been produced in this country for many years.” Except maybe for the first version.

Nikolai Gogol, Dead Souls (Part Two)

In 1841, the publication of the first part of Dead Souls made Gogol a literary titan—but while he worked on part two for the rest of his life (we think), no one will ever see it, because Gogol burned the pages shortly before his death. As for why exactly he did so, reports differ. Towards the end of his life, Gogol turned towards religion, and his asceticism increased under the influence of Father Matvey Konstantinovsky. He renounced some of his earlier work, tearing some of it up. Some speculate that he had begun to find it sinful, and that Konstantinovsky urged him to burn part two of Dead Souls as well. But it’s also possible that it was just an accident. According to V. V. Gippius’s biography of Gogol, on the night of February 11, 1852, the writer took a bundle of “notebooks tied with a ribbon, placed it in the stove, and lit it with a candle.” His servant begged him to stop, but Gogol told him that it was none of his concern, and that he should pray.

Meanwhile, the fire had gone out after scorching the corners of the notebooks. Gogol noticed this, removed the sheaf of papers from the stove, undid the ribbon, and, arranging the pages in such a way that they would catch more easily, again set them afire, and sat in a chair before the fire, waiting until everything had burned to ashes. Then, crossing himself, he went back into the room he had come from. He kissed his servant, lay down on the couch, and began to weep.

Apparently, Gogol wasn’t even sure which of his papers he had burned. In the morning, he reportedly said, “Just imagine how powerful the evil spirit is! I wanted to burn some papers I had intended to burn long ago, but instead I burned the chapters of Dead Souls which I wanted to leave my friends to remember me by after my death.” Nine days later, he was dead.

Charles DickensLetters

In September of 1860, Charles Dickens built a bonfire behind his house at Gad’s Hill and threw in “the accumulated letters and papers of twenty years”—probably, as Paul Lewis wrote in The Dickensian, over 10,000 discrete pieces. “They sent up a smoke like the Genie when he got out of the casket on the seashore,” he wrote, “and as it was an exquisite day when I began, and rained very heavily when I finished, I suspect my correspondence of having overcast the face of the Heavens.” His explanation was that he was “shocked by the misuse of private letters of public men” and afterwards began to burn almost all his correspondence. Lewis speculates that the action had to do with the embarrassing publication of a letter he had written to a friend about his separation from his wife (and the “virtuous and spotless” young lady who was definitely not involved); others point out that he may have been directly worried about the outing of his relationship with his teenage mistress, or that he was merely at a turning point, looking away from the past and towards the future. Which doesn’t explain why he kept up the burning, so I’m putting my money on the mistress.

Franz Kafka, The Trial

Finally, a writer who did not succeed in burning all of his manuscripts—despite the fact that it was his dying wish. Towards the end of a long battle with tuberculosis in 1924, Kafka asked his best friend Max Brod to burn all of his papers after his death: “Dearest Max, my last request: Everything I leave behind me . . . in the way of diaries, manuscripts, letters (my own and others’), sketches, and so on, [is] to be burned unread.” Brod agreed—but he didn’t do it. Instead, he edited and posthumously published much of his friend’s work, including The Trial and The Castle. In 1939, Brod fled the Nazis to Tel Aviv, bringing with him the rest of Kafka’s manuscripts. There, he began a relationship with his secretary Esther Hoffe, and upon his death in 1968, left the papers to her. (She was meant to publish and protect them, but she too disobeyed her directive, selling the original manuscript of The Trial for $2 million.) After her death, a 42-year legal battle ensued—her daughters claimed that the papers were theirs, but the courts eventually awarded the manuscripts to the National Library of Israel, deciding that “Brod’s last wish was that his life’s work, his material legacy, should be entrusted in its entirety to public archives.” The National Library of Israel now plans to digitize the works and make them available to the public—the polar opposite of burning them.

Mikhail Bulgakov, The Master and Margarita

Famously, Bulgakov burned the manuscript of his masterpiece, The Master and Margarita in 1930, in despair after two years of work—only to begin writing it again from scratch the following year. He would work on it in secret—such anti-establishment works were not tolerated in Stalinist Russia—for the rest of his life, indeed almost right up to the end, though the book wouldn’t see full publication until twenty-six years after his death. The eponymous Master, of course, a parallel to Bulgakov in a number of ways, also burns his own book in frustration, only to have it handed back to him by Woland (a.k.a. the devil) with the now-famous phrase: “Manuscripts don’t burn.”

But The Master and Margarita wasn’t the only manuscript that Bulgakov unsuccessfully burned. According to J.A.E. Curtis’s Manuscripts Don’t Burn: Mikhail Bulgakov: A life in letters, in 1926, in the course of an investigation into one of his acquaintances, the OGPU (the pre-KGB KGB) confiscated some of Bulgakov’s papers, including his diaries and the manuscript of The Heart of a Dog. Bulgakov demanded that they be returned, but he only got them back three years later, at which point he “immediately burned the diaries and resolved never to keep a diary again. Since that time, it had been assumed that the diaries were lost, until the advent of glasnost prompted the KGB to admit that, in fact, the OGPU had made a copy of at least part of the diary back in the 1920s, and this was still sitting in the KGB’s archives.” It was published in 1989.

Edna St. Vincent Millay, Conversation at Midnight

When Edna St. Vincent Millay went on vacation to Sanibel Island, Florida, in 1936, she naturally brought her manuscript-in-progress—years in the making—along with her. She had her luggage sent up to her room and went down to the beach to look for shells. When she turned back, she saw that her hotel was in flames, the manuscript along with it. She went home and rewrote the book from memory, and it was published the next year.

Malcolm Lowry, In Ballast to the White Sea

In 1944, Malcolm Lowry was living on the coast of British Columbia with his second wife when his cabin caught fire and burned to the ground. Lowry leapt into the flames in an attempt to save his manuscripts—a burning log fell on his back and “fried” him, but he managed to rescue the pages that would become Under the Volcano. However, his In Ballast to the White Sea, “that thousand-page Paradiso” (to Under the Volcano’s Inferno) was lost, and Lowry died thirteen years later without ever re-creating it.

It wasn’t until 2000 that his first wife, Jan Gabrial, revealed that she had had a secret copy of In Ballast to the White Sea the whole time. Lowry had left it with Gabrial’s mother in 1936, and likely forgotten about it completely. In 2003, two years after Gabrial’s death, the executor of the estate gave the manuscript to the New York Public Library, and it was published in 2014.

Fun fact: this wasn’t the first novel that Lowry lost. The manuscript of his first novel, Ultramarine, was stolen out of his publisher’s car—the top had been left open—and he claimed he had to rewrite the whole thing in a manner of weeks. (Though others claim there was a carbon copy.)

V. S. Naipaul, various manuscripts

At some point in the 1970s, Naipaul deposited his papers and unpublished manuscripts to Ely’s, a London warehouse, for safekeeping. Patrick French, Naipaul’s biographer, counts among this trove

. . . the novel he had begun in Trinidad in 1949, the manuscript of The Shadow’d Livery, his translation of Lazarillo de Tormes, his scripts for the BBC Caribbean Voices, his diaries from his years at Oxford, his journals for The Middle Passage, the manuscripts and typescripts of all the books he had written before moving to Wiltshire, notes and letters from his first trip to India in 1962, most of the letters he had received in the 1950s and ’60s, his own “Letters from London” for the Illustrated Weekly of India, his travel journals from Africa in 1966, and the notebooks and diaries of his early journalism.

But in 1992, when Naipaul and his wife tried to arrange for the archive to be valued, it had disappeared. Or to be more precise, it had been incinerated due to a clerical error. Ely’s had, at some point, destroyed all of the boxes marked “NITRATE”—and all of the boxes marked “NAIPAUL” had gotten swept up as well. That’s a pretty major failure of reading comprehension.

Philip Larkin, Diaries

Before his death in 1985, Philip Larkin asked one of his mistresses, Monica Jones, to destroy his diaries. For whatever reason, according to John Banville Jones asked another mistress, Betty Mackareth, to do it.

Betty took the thirty-odd volumes into Larkin’s office in the Brynmor Jones Library at Hull University and fed them page by page into a paper shredder—the task took all afternoon. With characteristic loyalty and discretion, she did not attempt to read the diaries before destroying them, “but I couldn’t help seeing little bits and pieces. They were very unhappy. Desperate, really.”

Larkin had told his future biographer Andrew Motion, “When I see the Grim Reaper coming up the path to my front door I’m going to the bottom of the garden, like Thomas Hardy, and I’ll have a bonfire of all the things I don’t want anyone to see”; however, the bonfire was never built, and according to Motion, the diaries, “eight manuscript books in which he drafted his poems, and the large mass of his unpublished papers and letters lay undisturbed in his house when he was carried out of it for the last time.”

Of course, not all of that was destroyed—selections of Larkin’s previously unpublished poems and letters have been coming out ever since. But the diaries, it seems, are gone.

The Online Books Page

Online Books by

Thomas Carlyle

(Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881)

Online books about this author are available, as is a Wikipedia article.

  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, contrib.: The Autobiography of Mary Smith, Schoolmistress and Nonconformist: A Fragment of a Life (issued as first of a 2-volume set of the author's autobiography and poems; London: Bemrose and Sons, et al., 1892), by Mary Smith, also contrib. by Jane Welsh Carlyle
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: The Campaner Thal, and Other Writings (Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1864), by Jean Paul, also trans. by Juliette Bauer and Thomas De Quincey (page images at Google; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The Carlyle Letters Online: A Victorian Cultural Reference, also by Jane Welsh Carlyle (HTML at dukejournals.org)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Characteristics (HTML at Bartleby)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early Kings of Norway (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on Scott (HTML at Fordham)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The French Revolution: A History (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The French Revolution: A History (electronic edition, with timeline and notes), ed. by Bob Blair (HTML at fooguru.org)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: German Romance: Translated From the German, With Biographical and Critical Notices (two volumes; Boston: Dana Estes and Co., n.d.), contrib. by Johann Karl August Musäus, Friedrich Heinrich Karl La Motte-Fouqué, Ludwig Tieck, E. T. A. Hoffmann, and Jean Paul
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great (Gutenberg texts)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Inaugural Address at Edinburgh, April 2nd, 1866 (HTML at Bartleby)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, ed.: Latter-Day Pamphlets (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, ed.: Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle (London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1883), by Jane Welsh Carlyle, also ed. by James Anthony Froude (HTML at Celebration of Women Writers)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The Life of John Sterling (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, contrib.: New Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle (London and New York: John Lane, The Bodley Head, 1893), by Jane Welsh Carlyle, ed. by Alexander Carlyle (HTML at Celebration of Women Writers)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, ed.: Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches, With Elucidations (third edition, enlarged, in 4 volumes; London: Chapman and Hall, 1850), by Oliver Cromwell
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, ed.: Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches, With Elucidations (5 volumes; New York: Scribner, Welford and Company, 1871-2), by Oliver Cromwell (PDF at gasl.org; 40 MB)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: On the Choice of Books (with a long biographical essay on the author), contrib. by Richard Herne Shepherd (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Past and Present (New York: W. H. Colyer, 1843) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Past and Present (with an appreciation by Emerson published in 1843), contrib. by Ralph Waldo Emerson (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Sartor Resartus (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: The Sorrows of Werther, by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (searchable HTML at Bartleby)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: The Sorrows of Young Werther, by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, ed. by Nathan Haskell Dole, also trans. by R. Dillon Boylan (Gutenberg text)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: Tales by Musaeus, Tieck, Richter, Translated From the German (2 volumes; London: Chapman and Hall, 1874), by Johann Karl August Musäus, Ludwig Tieck, and Jean Paul
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, contrib. by Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen, J. R. Seeley, and Edward Dowden (searchable HTML at Bartleby)

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Additional books from the extended shelves:

  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: [Carlyles' works]. (Boston : Estes and Lauriat, 1884) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: [Collection of clippings and pamphlets on Thomas Carlyle including some of his correspondence.] (1881-1905) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: [Complete works] (New York, Lovell, Coryell, [1885?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: [Einleitung zu:] Thomas Carlyle, Leben Schillers (in German), also by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (Gutenberg ebook)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: [Works. (London : Chapman and Hall, [187-?]-74) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: [Works] (London, Chapman & Hall, 1871-1874) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: [Works] / Thomas Carlyle. (New York : James Clarke, [188-]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: ʻAl giborim, ʻavodat giborim u-midat ha-gevurah be-divre ha-yamim : shishah shiʻurim / (Ṿarshah : Hotsẚat Avraham Shṭibel, 680 [1920]), also by Yeruḥam Fishel Lachower (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Al giborim, avodat giborim u-midat ha-gevurah be-divre ha-yamim : shishah shiurim / (Varshah : Hotsa'at A.Y. Shtibl, 679, 1919) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Arbeiten und Nicht Verzweifeln : Auszüge aus seinen Werken / (Düsseldorf, Karl Robert Langewiesche, 1902), also by Maria Kuhn (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Arthur Coningsby ... (London, E. Wilson, 1833), also by John Sterling and John Sterling (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Autobiography [and] Essay on liberty / (New York : Collier, c1909), also by John Stuart Mill, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle, and John Stuart Mill (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Autobiography [and] Essay on liberty / (New York : Collier, c1909), also by John Stuart Mill, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle, and John Stuart Mill (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Autobiography [and] Essay on liberty / (New York : Collier, c1909), also by John Stuart Mill, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle, and John Stuart Mill (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Autobiography : Essay on liberty / (New York : Collier, c1909), also by John Stuart Mill, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle, and John Stuart Mill (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Autobiography : Essay on liberty / (New York : Collier, c1909), also by John Stuart Mill, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle, and John Stuart Mill (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Autobiography : Essay on liberty / (New York : Collier, c1909), also by John Stuart Mill, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle, and John Stuart Mill (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The autobiography of Leigh Hunt, with reminiscences of friends and contemporaries ... (New York, Harper & brothers, 1860), also by Leigh Hunt (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The ballads and songs of Robert Burns with a lecture on his character and genius by Thomas Carlyle. (London, C. Griffin, 1864), also by Robert Burns (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The battles of Frederick the Great : Abstracted from Thomas Carlyle's biography of Frederick the Great / (New York : Scribner, 1892), also by Cyril Ransome (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: "Beautiful thoughts" (New York, J. Pott & co., 1900) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The best hundred books: containing an article on the choice of books by Mr. John Ruskin, a hitherto unpublished letter by Thomas Carlyle, and contributions from ... many others ... (London, "Pall Mall gazette" Office, 1886), also by John Ruskin and Pall Mall gazette (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Briefe Thomas Carlyle's an Varnhagen von Ense aus den Jahren 1837- 1857. (Berlin, Gebr. Paetel, 1892), also by Richard Preuss and Karl August Varnhagen von Ense (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Burns. (London, Chapman and Hall, 1854) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Burns, (Chicago, Scott, Foresman & co., 1899), also by George Briggs Aiton (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Burns; (Chicago, Scott, 1900) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Burns / (Chicago : Scott, Foresman and Co., c1898), also by George Briggs Aiton (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The Campaner Thal, and other writings. (Boston, Ticknor and Fields, 1864), also by Jean Paul, Thomas De Quincey, Juliette Bauer, and Harold Jantz Collection (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library) NcD (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: Campaner thal, and other writings. (New York, H. Holt and company, 1877), by Jean Paul, also trans. by Thomas De Quincey and Juliette Bauer (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: The Campaner Thal, and Other Writings, by Jean Paul, also trans. by Juliette Bauer and Thomas De Quincey (Gutenberg ebook)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: The Campaner thal : and other writings / (Boston : Ticknor and Fields, 1864), by Jean Paul, also trans. by Thomas De Quincey and Juliette Bauer (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlye's Essay on Burns, (Boston, D. C. Heath & co., 1898 [c1897]), ed. by Andrew Jackson George (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle; (London, G. Bell and sons, 1909), also by A. W. Evans (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The Carlyle anthology, (New York, H. Holt and company, 1881) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The Carlyle anthology / (New York : H. Holt, 1876) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle et Emerson : correspondance, 1834-1872 / (Paris : Colin, 1912), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle intime. Lettres à sa mère dont plusieurs inédites, (Paris, Société du Mercure de France, 1907) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle on heroes, hero-worship, and the heoric in history [electronic resource] / (Boston : Ginn & Co., c1901), also by Archibald MacMechan (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle on heroes, hero-worship : and the heroic in history / (Boston : Ginn, 1901), also by Archibald MacMechan (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle year-book; (Boston, J. H. Earle, [c1900]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's complete works. (Boston : Standard Pub. Co., 1899) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's complete works. (New York : International Book Company, [19--?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's complete works. (New York : University Press, [1885]), also by Book Traces Project (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's complete works (Boston, Estes and Lauriat, [1884]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's complete works. (Boston : Estes and Lauriat, 1885) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's essay on Burns; (New York, Longmans, Green, [c1896]), also by Wilson Farrand (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's essay on Burns; (New York, Boston, Silver, Burdett and company, 1898.), ed. by Homer B. Sprague (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's essay on Burns; (New York, Boston [etc.] D. Appleton and Co., 1907), also by Carrie E. Tucker Dracass (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essay on Burns. (Boston and London, Ginn & company, 1897), also by Charles Lane Hanson and Charles Lane Hanson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essay on Burns, (New York, The Macmillan company: London, Macmillan & co., ltd., 1900) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essay on Burns, (Boston, New York [etc.] Ginn & company, [c1897]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's essay on Burns / (Boston : Ginn, 1898, c1897), also by Charles Lane Hanson and Charles Lane Hanson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essay on Burns : edited for school use / (New York ; Chicago : Globe School Book Co., c1901), also by W. T. Brewster, ed. by W. T. Brewster (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's essay on Burns, edited, with an introduction and notes, by Andrew J. George. (Boston, D. C. Heath, 1897) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's essay on Burns, with selections from Burn's poems; (New York ; Chicago, Longmans, Green and Co., 1921, c1915), also by Wilson Farrand (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essay on Burns, with selections from Burn's poems / (New York : Longmans, Green and co., 1915), also by Wilson Farrand (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essay on Burns, with The cotter's Saturday night and other poems from Burns; (New York, The Macmillan company; London, Macmillan & co., ltd., 1906), also by Robert Burns, ed. by Willard Clark Gore (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essay on Burns, with The cotter's Saturday night, and other poems from Burns; (New York, The Macmillan Company; London, Macmillan & Co., Ltd., 1900), also by Robert Burns, ed. by Willard Clark Gore (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essay on Burns, with The cotter's Saturday night and other poems from Burns; (New York, The Macmillan Company; London, Macmillan & Co., Ltd., 1919), also by Willard Clark Gore and Robert Burns (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Essays on Burns, with poems and songs from Burns, (New York, H. Holt and Company, 1912), also by Sophie Chantal Hart and Robert Burns (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's essays on Burns : with the Cotter's Saturday night and other poems from Burns / (New York, N.Y. : MacMillan ;, 1912, c1900), also by Robert Burns and Willard C. Gore (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Frederick the Great, (Oxford, Clarendon press, 1916), also by A. M. D. Hughes (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Hero as divinity; Arnold's Balder dead. (London, New York [etc.] T. Nelson and sons, [1908?]), also by Matthew Arnold (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, ed.: Carlyle's Oliver Cromwell, with a selection from his letters and speeches. (London, Hutchinson ; Chicago, McClurg, 1905), by Oliver Cromwell, also ed. by Edgar Sanderson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's unfinished History of German literature, (Lexington, University of Kentucky Press, [c1951]), also by Hill Shine (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's works. (Boston : Dana Estes, 1892) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's works. (New York, Internat. Book Co., [188-?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Carlyle's Works ... ([Boston, DeWolfe, Fiske & Co., 190-?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Characteristics / (Boston : J.R. Osgood, 1877) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism, (New York, John W. Lovell company, [1885]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism. (Boston, C. C. Little and J. Brown, 1840) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism / (London : Chapman and Hall, 1842) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism / (London : James Frases , 1840 () (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism / (London : James Frases , 1840 () (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism / (New York, Wiley and Putnam, 1847) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism / (London : J. Fraser, 1840) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism / (Boston : Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1840) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism / (Boston : Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1840), also by James Kent, William Ellery Channing, Thomas Noon Talfourd, John Alexander Ballantyne, and Mercantile Library Association of the City of New York (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism [microform] (Boston, C. C. Little and J. Brown, 1840) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism. By Thomas Carlyle ... (London, J. Fraser, 1840) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Chartism past and present. (London, Chapman and Hall, 1870) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Choice of books / (New York : T. Y. Crowell, [188-?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Collectanea Thomas Carlyle, 1821-1855, (Canton, Pa., The Kirgate press, 1903), also by Samuel Arthur Jones (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Collected works. (London : Chapman and Hall, [18--?-18--?]) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Collected works. (London, Chapman and Hall, [1870-1887]) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The collected works of Thomas Carlyle. (London, Chapman and Hall, 1858) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The complete works of Thomas Carlyle. (New York, Thomas Y. Crowell & Company, [1902]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Complete works of Thomas Carlyle : illustrated. (New York : P.F. Collier, 1901), also by Oliver Cromwell (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Complete works of Thomas Carlyle : illustrated. (New York : P.F. Collier, 1901), also by Oliver Cromwell (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Correspondance échangée entre Goethe et Carlyle. (Appendice I.) (Paris, Librairie française, 1921), also by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Correspondence between Goethe and Carlyle; (London and New York, Macmillan and co., 1887), also by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Charles Eliot Norton (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson / (Boston : Ticknor, 1886), also by Charles Eliot Norton and Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (Boston, Ticknor and company, 1886), also by Charles Eliot Norton and Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (Boston, Osgood and company, 1883), also by Charles Eliot Norton and Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (Boston and New York, Houghton, Mifflin and company, 1894) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (Boston : Ticknor, 1886, c1885), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (London, Chatto & Windus, 1883), also by Charles Eliot Norton and Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (Boston, Ticknor and co., 188?), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson and Charles Eliot Norton (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (Boston, New York, Houghton, Mifflin and company, 1888-1894, [1885]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (Boston : J.R. Osgood, 1883), also by Charles Eliot Norton and Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872. (Boston : James R. Osgood, c1883), also by Charles Eliot Norton and Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872 ... (Boston, J. R. Osgood and company, 1883), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson, ed. by Charles Eliot Norton (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872 / (Boston : Houghton, Mifflin, [c1883-1884]), also by Charles Eliot Norton and Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872 / (Boston ; New York : Houghton Mifflin and Co., 1896), also by Charles Eliot Norton (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872 : Supplementary letters. (Boston : Ticknor and co., 1886), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson, ed. by Charles Eliot Norton and Charles Eliot Norton (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872, Vol. I, also by Ralph Waldo Emerson, ed. by Charles Eliot Norton (Gutenberg ebook)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872, Vol II., also by Ralph Waldo Emerson, ed. by Charles Eliot Norton (Gutenberg ebook)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, l834-l872. (Boston : Ticknor and Co., 1888), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical & miscellaneous essays : collected & republished / (London : Chapman & Hall, 1857) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous: Collected and republished (First time, 1839; final, 1869) (London, Chapman and Hall, [1872?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, (London, Chapman & Hall, limited, [1888]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (Boston, Munroe and co., 1839), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, (Philadelphia, Carey & Hart, 1849) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, (Boston, J. Munroe and company, 1838-39), also by C. S. Wheeler, H. S. McKean, and Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays (London, Chapman and Hall, 1847) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, (New York, D. Appleton & co., 1873) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (New York D. Appleton, 1870) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (Philadelphia, Carey & Hart, 1853), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, (London, Chapman & Hall, limited, [187-?]) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (London : Chapman and Hall, 1869) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays: (Boston, Brown and Taggard, 1860) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (Boston, Cambridge, J. Munroe and Co., 1848) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (Boston, Houghton, Mifflin, 1881) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (New York : Appleton, 1876) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (Boston : Phillips, Sampson, 1859) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, (Boston, Phillips, Sampson, and company, 1858) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, (Boston, Phillips, Sampson and company, 1859) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (Boston, Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1881) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (Boston, Estes and Lauriat, 1886) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. (New York : C. Scribner's Sons, 1900-01), also by H. D. Traill (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays . (London, Chapman and Hall, 1899), also by H. D. Traill (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / (Philadelphia : Carey & Hart, 1845), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / (New York : D. Appleton and company, 1860) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / (New York : Lovell, [18--?]) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / (New York : D. Appleton, 1885) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / (London : J. Fraser, 1839) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / (Philadelphia : Carey & Hart, 1846), also by Ralph Waldo Emerson (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / (London : Chapman and Hall, [1888]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / (London : Chapman and Hall, [1857]), also by H. D. Traill (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / by Thomas Carlyle. (Boston : Phillips, Sampson, and company; New York : J. C. Derby, 1855) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / By Thomas Carlyle. (Philadephia : A. Hart, late Carey & Hart, 1852) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / by Thomas Carlyle. (Boston : Phillips, Sampson and company, 1858) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / collected and republished by Thomas Carlyle. (Chicago : The American Bookmart, [1869]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays / collected and republished by Thomas Carlyle. (Boston : Brown and Taggard, 1860) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, by Thomas Carlyle. (Boston, Phillips, Sampson, and company, 1855) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays. By Thomas Carlyle... (Philadelphia, Carey & Hart, 1848) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays: collected and republished. (London : Chapman and Hall, 1842) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays collected and republished. (London, Chapman and Hall, 1847) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays: collected and republished. (New York, Hurd and Houghton, 1870) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays collected and republished, (Chicago, New York, Belford, Clarke & company, [18--]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays: collected and republished. (1st time, 1839; final, 1869). (New York, Scribner, Welford, and company, 1872) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays: collected and republished. (1st time, 1839; final, 1869). (London, Chapman and Hall, 1872) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays: collected and republished. (1st time, 1839; final, 1869) / (London : Chapman, [Between 1869 and 1872]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, collected and republished (first time, 1839; final 1869). (London, Chapman and Hall, 1877) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays: collected and republished (First time, 1839; final, 1869). (London, Chapman and Hall, ltd., [1872]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays: collected and republished (first time, 1839; final 1869). (London, Chapman and Hall; New York, Scribner, Welford & co., 1869) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : collected and republished (First time, 1839; final, 1869) ; (New York : J. W. Lovell company, (18--)) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : collected and republished (first time 1839, final 1869) / (New York : Lovell, Corvell & Co., 1869) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : collected and republished (First time, 1839; final, 1869) / (London : Chapman and Hall, 1872) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : collected and republished (first time, 1839; final, 1869) / by Thomas Carlyle. (London : Chapman and Hall, 1894) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : collected and republished (first time, 1839;final, 1869) / (London : Chapman & Hall, ltd. [1888]) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : collected and republished / (Chicago ; New York : Belford, Clarke & Co. ;, [1890?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : collected and republished / (London : Chapman, 1890-1894) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, collected and republished...illustrated. (New York : Collier, 1901) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : complete in one volume / (Boston : Phillips, Sampson and Co., 1857) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, Early kings of Norway, and Essays on the portraits of John Knox. (London, Chapman and Hall, 1893-94) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : in five volumes / (New York, NY : C. Scribner's Sons, 1900-1901), also by Thomas Carlyle and H. D. Traill (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : in five volumes / (New York, NY : C. Scribner's Sons, 1900-1901), also by Thomas Carlyle and H. D. Traill (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays : in four volumes / (London : Chapman and Hall, 1864) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellaneous essays, Kings of Norway, etc. (London, Chapman and Hall, 1907) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Critical and miscellanous essays. (Philadelphia, A. Hart, 1852) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Cromwell. (Boston, Osgood, 1877) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Dante e Shakespeare / (Firenze : G.C. Sansoni, 1896) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The diamond necklace / (Boston ; New York : Leach, Shewell, & Sanborn, c1892), also by William Foyé Mozier (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The diamond necklace / (Boston : Sibley, c1892), also by William Foyé Mozier (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The diamond necklace / (Boston; New York : Houghton Mifflin Co., 1913) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The diamond necklace and Mirabeau, (Chicago, New York, Belford, Clarke & co., [1890?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Die Französische Revolution / (Leipzig : Wigand, [ca. 1900]), also by Theodor Rehtwisch (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Die Französische revolution / (Halle : Otto Hendel, [18--?]) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Die französische Revolution. : Aus dem Englischen von P. Feddersen, umgeargeitet von E. Erman. (Leipzig : Brockhaus, 1915) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Dr. Johnson, his friends and his critics / (London : Smith, Elder & co., 1878), also by George Birkbeck Norman Hill, Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield, and Thomas Babington Macaulay Macaulay (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early critical reviews on Robert Burns; (Glasgow Edinburgh, W. Hodge & company, 1900), also by John Dawson Ross, Francis Jeffrey Jeffrey, David Irving, Josiah Walker, Walter Scott, Alexander Peterkin, John Wilson, James Currie, and Henry Mackenzie (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The early kings of Norway, (New York, John W. Lovell company, [1885]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The early kings of Norway. (London, Chapman and Hall, [1878?]) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The early kings of Norway / by Thomas Carlyle. (New York : J.W. Lovell, [18--?]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The early kings of Norway; also an essay on the portraits of John Knox. (New York, Harper, 1875) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The early kings of Norway: also an essay on the portraits of John Knox. (London, Chapman and Hall, 1875) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The early kings of Norway: also an essay on the portraits of John Knox. (London, Chapman and Hall, 1875) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The early kings of Norway: also an essay on the portraits of John Knox / (London : Chapman and Hall, [1889]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: The early kings of Norway : also an Essay on the portraits of John Knox, and General index. (London : [s.n.], 1882) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle, (London : S. Sonnenschein & co., 1889), also by Jane Welsh Carlyle and David George Ritchie (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle, together with a few of later years and some of Thomas Carlyle, all hitherto unpublished, (London, S. Sonnenschein & co., 1889), also by Jane Welsh Carlyle, ed. by David George Ritchie and David George Ritchie (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle, together with a few of later years and some of Thomas Carlyle, all hitherto unpublished, (London, S. Sonnenschein & co., 1889), also by Jane Welsh Carlyle and David George Ritchie (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early letters of Thomas Carlyle, (London and New York, Macmillan and co., 1886), also by Cynthia Morgan St. John, Charles Eliot Norton, and Wordsworth Collection (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early letters of Thomas Carlyle, (London, New York, Macmillan and co., 1886), ed. by Charles Eliot Norton (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early letters of Thomas Carlyle / (London : Macmillan, 1886), also by Charles Eliot Norton (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Early letters of Thomas Carlyle : 1814-1826 / edited by Charles Eliot Norton. (London ; New York : Macmillan, 1886) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: El doctor Francia / (Buenos Aires : De Derecho y Ciencias, 1908) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881, trans.: Elements of geometry and trigonometry; with notes. (New York, J. Ryan, 1828), by A. M. Legendre, ed. by David Brewster (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: English and other critical essays, (London, J. M. Dent & sons, ltd.; New York, E. P. Dutton & co., inc., [1940]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on biography; (New York, Doubleday, Page & company, 1913) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on biography; (New York, Doubleday & McClure co., 1898) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on biography : selected biographical and historical sketches and other writings / (New York : Doubleday, Page, 1903, c1898), ed. by Bliss Perry (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on Burns, (Boston, New York [etc.] Allyn and Bacon, [c1922]), ed. by Henry Walcott Boynton (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on Burns, (New York, American book company, [1903]), also by Edwin Mims (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on Burns; (New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1914), also by Archibald MacMechan (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on Burns, (Boston, New York [etc.] Allyn and Bacon, [c1922]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on Burns, (New York [etc.] Educational publishing company, [1898]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881: Essay on Burns. (Boston, London, Ginn & co., 1898) (page images at HathiTrust; US access only)

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