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Research Paper Apa Format Sample 2010 Census

The U.S. Census Bureau collects a variety of data about the U.S. population and economy. Some of the most frequently-used censuses and surveys include:

The Decennial Census is a constitutionally mandated population count undertaken every ten years. Decennial census data includes information about:

  • Household makeup
  • Income
  • Race and ancestry
  • Educational attainment
  • Home ownership
  • Work status

Aggregate data is released as available following each census, while individual census records (i.e. personal names and addresses) are kept sealed for 72 years to protect individual privacy. For more information about when different kinds of 2010 Census data will be published, see this page from the Census Bureau.

The American Community Survey collects more detailed information about a sampling of households on an ongoing basis. The ACS replaced the decennial census "long form" in 2001. 

The Economic Census profiles U.S. national and local economies every five years.

The Census of Governments profiles the nation's state and local government sector, with information on governmental structures, payrolls, and finance, every five years.

The Population Estimates Program publishes estimated population totals for the previous year for cities and towns, metropolitan areas, counties, and states.

The Census Bureau conducts over 130 surveys, on its own and in conjunction with other government agencies. For lists of these surveys, see

U.S. Dept. of Justice. Report to the Deputy Attorney General on the Events at Waco, Texas, February 28 to April 19, 1993. Redacted ed. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1993. (J1.2:W 11).

U.S. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment. Competing Economies: America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1991. (Y3.T22/2:2 Ec 7).

Include up to three in a hierarchy of issuing agencies; when publisher is same as issuing agency, publisher name can be abbreviated

U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: DHSS, 2006.

When more than three in a hierarchy of issuing agencies, the author can be shortened to the "umbrella" and the lowest level sub-agency; include report number

  • U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health

    can be shortened to:

  • U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Mental Health

U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Mental Health. The Neuroscience of Mental Health II: A Report on Neuroscience Research: Status and Potential for Mental Health and Mental Illness. (NIH publication, no. 95-4000). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1995. (HE 20.8102:N 39/995).

When publisher is same as issuing agency, publisher name can be omitted. (Examples illustrates commercial microfiche collection)

U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Education Longitudinal Study of 2002. Washington, D.C., 2009. (2009 ASI microfiche 4826-26).

An agency which is well-known does not have to be preceded by its departmental name

U.S. Forest Service. Taraghee Lodgepole: A Pioneering Effort in Deadwood Salvage. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1979. (A13.2:T 17).

When a personal author is named, credit should be given

U.S. Library of Congress. The Center for the Book. The History of Books: A Guide to Selected Resources in the Library of Congress. By Alice D. Schreyer. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1987. (LC1.6/4:H62).

Include agency assigned report numbers and the names of series

U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Family Structure and Children's Health: United States, 1988. (DHHS Pub. No. PHS 91-1506). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1991. (Vital and Health Statistics Series 10: Data from the National Health Survey No. 178). (HE20.6209:10/178).

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