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Short Essay On Mango In English

Mango, the king of fruits is also the national fruit of India, available in plenty during summers. Summer is the season when Indian anxiously wait for King of Fruit. In my life till now I’ve never heard anyone saying that he / she doesn’t like mango, rather everyone crave for it and wish that it should be available in all seasons. The mango is indigenous to the Indian Subcontinent especially India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Southeast Asia. The most famous of all the available mango varieties is the Alphonso, a small, yellow mango that is among the nation’s sweetest, costliest and the tastiest. The other popular varieties are the Khattu, with its reddish-tinged skin. The Langda, a roundish golden variety, is a Delhi favorite, but the Hamam, a big yellow fruit, and the Kesar, small and green-tinged, have their devotees as well. And those are just a few of the June varieties; by September, when the summer mango season ends, India’s groves of tall, green mango trees will have offered up more than 1,000 varieties.

Indians have a sweet tooth and a craving for mango. Mango forms a part of daily diet in the peak season. It could be in form of fruit salad, mango drink link lassi, milk shakes, aam panha etc. From sweet to spicy, there’s a mango to please any palate and a mango recipe to suit every mood. Of the 13 million tons of mangoes the country produces each year, which is nearly 60 percent of the world’s total production, is consumed at home. As one of the world’s most popular fruits, the mango is a year-round source of the naturally sweet, refreshing taste of the tropics. Its unique flavour and fragrance is a paradise for the senses where intense fruity flavor and aroma meets versatility and nutrition.

The Nutrient Value:

  • Mango is rich in a variety of phytochemicals and nutrients that qualify it as a model “superfruit”, a term used to highlight potential health value of certain edible fruits. The fruit is high in prebiotic dietary fiber, vitamin C, polyphenols and carotenoids.
  • Mangoes are an excellent source of vitamins C and A, both important antioxidant nutrients. Vitamin C promotes healthy immune function and collagen formation. Vitamin A is important for vision and bone growth.
  • Mangoes are a good source of dietary fiber. Diets low in fat and high in fiber-containing grain products, fruits, and vegetables are associated with a reduced risk of some types of cancer.
  • Mangoes contain over 20 different vitamins and minerals.
  • Mangoes scored 93 out of 100 on the recently introduced NuVal scoring system for overall nutritional quality.

How to cut a Mango?

Love mango but don’t like wearing it? Follow these steps and you can enjoy this juicy fruit without getting sticky. The easiest Way to Cut a Mango is “Inside Out” Mango Cutting Method A mango has one long, flat seed in the center of the fruit. Once you learn how to work around the seed, the rest is easy. Always use a clean knife and cutting board to cut a mango. If you’ve handled or cut any type of meat or seafood, you must ALWAYS sanitize your hands, work area, utensils and cutting board before handling or cutting any fruits or vegetables, including mangoes.

  • Stand the mango on your cutting board stem end down and hold. Place your knife about 1/4″ from the widest center line and cut down through the mango. Flip the mango around and repeat this cut on the other side. The resulting ovals of mango flesh are known as the “cheeks”. What’s left in the middle is mostly the mango seed.
  • Cut parallel slices into the mango flesh, being careful not to cut through the skin. Turn the mango cheek 1/4 rotation and cut another set of parallel slices to make a checkerboard pattern.
  • Turn the scored mango cheek inside out by pushing the skin up from underneath.
  • Scrape the mango chunks off of the skin, using a knife or a spoon.

Quench your thirst with these cool Mango recipes

Mango Lassi Recipe

Ingredients :

  • 3 cup plain yogurt
  • 1 cup milk
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 cup mango pulp
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1 oz pistachios, ground


  • In a pitcher, combine the yogurt, milk, water, pulp, and sugar. Whisk briskly until completely mixed. Chill.
  • To serve, pour over crushed ice. Sprinkle the ground pistachios over the top. Makes 4 to 6 servings.

Mango Kulfi Recipe


  • 1 Ripe Mango
  • 1 can Sweetened Condensed Milk
  • 1/4 can Milk Powder
  • Sugar as per taste
  • 1/4 tsp Cardamom Powder
  • Few Strands of Saffron
  • 1/4 cup Pistachios

Method :

  • Peel the mango and chop it into small pieces. Discard the seed.
  • Combine the mango pieces, sugar, condensed milk and milk powder in a pan and bring it to a boil.
  • Now add the cardamom powder, cook for 10 more minutes till the mixture thickens.
  • Now add saffron and pistachios.
  • Lower the flame and allow to cool completely.
  • Pour into kulfi moulds and freeze overnight till firm.
  • Mango Kulfi is ready.

Mango Panna Recipe


  • 2 Raw mangoes
  • 1/2 Cup sugar
  • 1/4 tsp Saffron strands
  • 1/2 tsp Cardamom powder

Method :

  • Wash the mangoes and cut into chunks.
  • Mix mango chunks and sugar.
  • Boil till the mangoes turn soft.
  • Blend it well.
  • Add cardamom powder and saffron.
  • Boil it.
  • Keep it for cooling.
  • Serve chilled.

Mango Milk Shake


  • Mangoes – 4 medium sized or 2 large ones
  • Milk – 2 glasses
  • Ice Cubes – 5 to 6
  • Sugar – a cup
  • Salt – a pinch

Method :

  • Remove the skin of the mangoes and mash them into a pulp.
  • Add the sugar, salt and the milk.
  • In a mixer, beat this mixture along with ice cubes
  • Serve in tall glasses.

Mango Shrikhand / Aamrakhand


  • 1 mango (ripe to medium ripe)
  • 1/3 cup sugar
  • 1/4 cup grated coconut
  • 1/2 tsp cardamom powder
  • 1 quart whole milk yogurt
  • 2 tsp water
  • A pinch of saffron

Method :

  • Put the saffron in a pan, add cardamom powder and water & heat it on simmer while stirring and remove the heat.
  • Whisk the saffron mixture into the yogurt. Put this yogurt mixture in a coffee filter or a strainer lined with cheese cloth and set it over a bowl.
  • Let drain in the refrigerator for an hour.
  • Transfer the yogurt to a bowl and add sugar to it.
  • Beat the yogurt 2-3 min.
  • Pour into bowls and refrigerate it until very chilled. Mean while, toast the coconut over low heat until golden.
  • Serve the shrikhand topped with mango cut into thin slices and coconut.

Mango (Mangifera Indica) is the National fruit of India. This essay provides interesting information and facts on mango, the king of fruits.

Name: Mango, Aam

Scientific Name: Mangifera Indica

Adopted in: 1950

Found in: Native to South Asia; cultivated all over the world

Habitat: Terrestrial

Type: Stony Fruit

Season: Late February to early September

No. of Economically Important Cultivars: 283

Image Credit: http://modifylifestyle.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Mango-Fruit.jpg

A particular fruit is designated as the national fruit of a country when it fulfills some key fundamental requirements. It must represent a powerful facet of the cultural attributes that a country wants to convey to the world. The fruit must have an enriching part in the country’s history. It should also have a considerable presence in the religious and spiritual heritage of the country. Mango, affectionately called King of Fruits is the National fruit of India. Its sweet fragrance and delectable flavors have won the hearts of many around the world. Mangoes remain one of the most cultivated tropical fruits in the world. As the national fruit of India it represents prosperity, abundance and richness in favor of the country’s image. 

Mango is one of the most widely grown fruits of the tropical countries. In India, mango is cultivated almost in all parts, with the exception of hilly areas. Mango is a rich source of Vitamins A, C and D. In India, we have hundreds of varieties of mangoes. They are of different sizes, shapes and colors. Mangoes have been cultivated in India since time immemorial. Even in our mythology and history there are stories of mangoes- the famous Indian poet Kalidasa sang its praise. Alexander the great, along with Hieun Tsang savored the taste of mangoes. The great Mughal king, Akbar is said to have planted over 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga (modern Bihar). The mango is eaten ripe and is also used for pickles.

Scientific Classification

Domain:           Eukarya

Kingdom:         Plantae

Subkingdom:   Tracheobionta

Division:          Magnoliophyta

Class:              Magnoliopsida

Subclass:        Rosidae

Order:              Sapindales

Family:            Anacardiaceae

Genus:            Mangifera

Species:          Mangifera Indica

Image Credit: http://magnifazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Fruit-Mango.jpg


The pleasures of mango and its divine flavor have been known to Indians from a very early age. Fossil evidence traces back the appearance of mango in India, Bangladesh and Myanmar to 25-30 million years ago. It is referred to in Vedic scriptures like Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the Puranas, Rasala and Sahakara. The importance of mangoes in Buddhism was underlined by the fact that Lord Buddha chose to rest under the shade of a mango tree and Buddhist monks carried mangoes with them everywhere. Alexander the Great is said to have returned to Europe with several varieties of the fruit. Foreign travellers like Megasthenes and Hsiun-Tsang heavily praised the taste of the fruit and mentioned that Mango trees were planted by Indian rulers on the side of the roads as a symbol of prosperity.


Indian Mango or Mangifera indica is native to Southern Asia, particularly India, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Buddhist monks are believed to have introduced the fruit to southeast Asian countries like Malaysia and China around 4th century B.C. Since then it has been introduced to East Africa by the Persians, and to West Africa and Brazil by the Portuguese.

The Mano Tree, Leaves & Fruit

The mango trees are medium to large in size ranging between 10-40 m in height. They are evergreen with large symmetrically round canopy with an average diameter of 10 m. Bark is dark brown in color. Leaves are elongated and 15-45 cm in length. Upper surface is dark green with a waxy layer while the underside is pale green in color. The leaves are arranged very closely together and appear to be bunched in groups of 5 or more. Flowers are produced in terminal panicles which are about 20 cm in length. Flowers are white in color, small with 5-10 mm long petals and with a sweet odour. Unripe fruits are generally green in color but the color of the ripe fruits vary and ranges from green to yellow to orange to red. The fruits are oblong in shape and are fleshy drupes. The length of the fruit varies from 25-40 cm. Each fruit carries a flattened pit that is oval in shape and is generally fused with the flesh by means of fibrous protrusions. The pit carries the plant embryo which is recalcitrant in nature.

Image Credit: https://retirednoway.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/flowers-of-a-mango-tree.jpg


India leads the production of mangoes in the world with almost half the total production. In Europe, it is grown in Andalusia, Spain. In the USA, mangoes are cultivated in South Florida and California regions. The Caribbean Islands also see considerable cultivation of mangoes. In India, Andhra Pradesh state leads in production of mangoes. 

Mango is generally cultivated in tropical and warmer sub-tropical climates, upto an altitude of 1400 m from sea level. Humidity, rain and frost during flowering adversely affect the productivity of mangoes. Wet monsoon and dry summer is ideal for mango cultivation. Mango trees prefer slightly acidic soil with pH ranging from 5.5-7.5.  They can grow well in well-drained laterite and alluvial soil which is at least 15.24 cm deep.

Vegetative method of cultivation is preferred by farmers and techniques like inarching, veneer grafting and epicotyl grafting are employed. Well-nourished plants start bearing fruits after 3-5 years of planting, depending on the type of cultivar. Fruits are harvested between early February to August for most cultivars. Shelf life of mango fruits is short - about 2-3 weeks, hence they are stored in low temperatures of 12-13°C. 

In India, around 1500 varieties of mangoes are cultivated among which 1000 are of commercial value. The most popular and well known among these are Bombai, Himsagar and Kesar from early season, Alphonso, Banganapalli and Langra from mid-season, Fazli, Neelum and Chausa from late season. Several hybrid varieties have also been introduced, eg: Amrapali (Dashheri x Neelum) and Arka Aruna (Alphonso x Banganapalli).

Image Credit: http://www.beabeeinc.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/indian-alphonso-mango.jpg

Nutrition Value

Ripe mangoes are generally sweet although some varieties can retain a sour taste even after ripening. The texture of the flesh varies across cultivars as well ranging between soft pulpy and firm or fibrous. Sour unripe mangoes are used in wide varieties of pickles and chutneys or may be eaten raw with salt and chilli. Drinks like aam panna and aamras are made from the pulps of raw and ripe mango respectively. Ripe mango pulp is used in making a number of desserts like mango kulfi, ice creams and sorbets. 

Mangoes are a rich source of anti-oxidants like quercetin, astragalin and gallic acid that have been proven to fight against certain types of cancers. High levels of fiber, pectin and vitamin C helps lower low-density Lipoprotein levels in blood. Mango pulp is rich source of vitamin A that helps improve vision. Mango fruits have low glycemic index and are fit to be consumed by diabetics. The abundance of vitamins and carotenoids present in mango pulp helps boost the immune system. Consumption of mangoes is associated with decreased risk of muscle degeneration as well as asthma.

Image Credit: memoriesofkgf.blogspot.in/2014/06/jackfruits-mangoes-memories-of-these.html

Economic Value

Mangoes are the most widely cultivated fruit in India. Wood from the mango tree is used for producing low cost furniture, packing cases etc. Tannin derived from the bark is used in leather industry. Although India leads the production of mangoes, most of it are consumed by the country’s population itself and only a small percentage is exported. 

Cultural Context

From ancient times, mangoes have been granted a special position in India. The fruit is heavenly in taste and is termed as ‘Food of the Gods’. It is a source of celebration among people from all social backgrounds. A perfectly ripe mango symbolizes attainment and prosperity. Mangoes are also representative of the country’s gift to the world. Jain Goddess Ambika is depicted to be sitting under a mango tree. Mango blossoms are an integral part of Saraswati worship. Mango leaves are considered auspicious and five mango leaves joined together is a mandatory component of Hindu Rituals.

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