Civilizacion Maya Religion Essay

For Kids

Skilled Builders: Nobody knows where they came from, but about 2,400 years ago, a new tribe of people appeared in Central America. They settled in the rainforests of the Yucatan Peninsula. They were called the Maya Indians. They were very clever people. They set about making cities in the rainforest. They did not use metal tools. They used stone tools, wood tools, and tools made from shells. They were skilled builders. They built palaces, temples, pyramids, walls, homes. They built hundreds of beautiful cities.

Maya City-States: The cities were connected with well built roads that ran through the rainforests and jungles on the Yucatan Peninsula. Every city had a ball court, at last one and usually more than one temple, and a central plaza. Each city was a center of learning and religion. Each city had its own ruling family. The Maya city-states never unified. Like the ancient Greek city-states, the Maya cities often went to war with each other. Some historians believe they were almost always at war with someone.

A History Mystery: By 900 CE, the Maya cities were mostly deserted. Some people remained, and their descendants still live in Central America today. But without enough people to take care of them, the great Maya cities fell into ruin. That's why the Maya are called "the mysterious Maya" - nobody knows where they came from, and nobody knows what happened to them. It is a history mystery.

A Fascinating People: In the ancient Maya cities discovered, many thousands of hieroglyphics have been found. But not all of the around 800 different symbols that make up the Maya glyph system are understood today. As archaeologists and other scientists continue to decipher this ancient language, we hope to learn more about these fascinating people.

Geography

Government

Justice, Fair Trials

Daily Life in the Maya Empire

Households

Agriculture

Food & Maize

Clothing & Jewelry

The Importance of Feathers

Children

Education

Coming of Age Ceremony

Marriage

Women

Maya Beauty (or how to become an attractive person)

Social Structure & Slaves

Farmers

Craftsmen

Warriors

Leaders, Nobles, Fashion

Priests

Maya Religion

Maya Sacrifice

Maya Festivals

Music & Dance

Animals in the Maya Empire

Maya Builders

Maya Temples & Palaces

Maya Pyramids

Maya Cities

Maya Ruins

Maya Ball Courts & Ball Games

Maya Stelas

Maya Inventions & Achievements

Maya Art

The Exciting Adventures of the Hero Twins

Maya Myths

Hieroglyphics

Pottery

Maya Mathematics & Calendars

What happened to the Mayas?

Online Maya Games

Take the Quiz, Interactive (with answers)

Investigate Real Life Artifacts

Free Use Maya Clipart

For Teachers

The Mayas for Teachers

Free Ready Made Presentations about the Mayas

Free Templates for the Mayas for PowerPoint Presentations

Free Mayas Clipart

Mayas Questions and Answers Interactive for Section Review and Test Prep 

Other Native Americans

More Free Clip Art


La religión influenca la vida de los mayas en los ritos agrícolas, en las ceremonias públicas, en el arte y la cultura. Su importancia fue muy grande. Los mayas adoraban a varios dioses así es una religíon polisteíta.

Los principales Dioses Mayas :

Hunab Kú: (Su nombre significa « un solo dios « ) Dios Creador. Era el principal dios maya, creador del mundo y de la humanidad a partir del maíz. Hunab Ku es el padre y el señor de todos los dioses.

Itzamná: señor de los cielos, la noche y el día e hijo de Hunabkú. Ha invenciado el escritura y el calendario maya

Kukulkán: representaba al dios viento llamado también serpiente emplumadaKinich Ahau: dios Sol, hijo de ItzamnáIxchel: diosa de la Luna, las inundaciones, el embarazo, el tejido y esposa de ItzamnáChac: dios de la lluvia que se divide en los 4 rumbos cardinales, este (rojo), norte (blanco), oeste (negro) y sur (amarillo)Wakax Yol K’awil o Nal: dios del maíz o de la agriculturaAh Puch, Kisin, Kimil, Yun cax o Hun Ahaw: dios de la muerteIxtab: diosa del suicidioIk: dios del vientoKakupakat: dios de la guerraRitos

Las pirámides son sus templos y los fieles asistían a las ceremonias al aire libre, abajo y al frente, de la pirámide-templo.

Elementos de las ceremonias

• Los auto sacrificios. Se perforaban la lengua, los lóbulos, y órganos sexuales y ofreciendo la sangre recogida. La sangre se quemaba junto con papel, resinas vegetales, hule y los instrumentos mismos del auto sacrificio como las espinas de mantarraya, las cuerdas, etc.Los sacrificios de animales.

• Los sacrificios humanos (prisioneros de guerra, esclavos o personas escogidas por su nacimiento), a quienes se les extirpaba el corazón o decapitaba.

• Los bailes, cantos, dramatizaciones, rezos.

• El ayuno y la abstinencia sexual.

• El uso de hongos alucinógenos, bebidas fermentadas (balché), tabaco silvestre, comidas especiales y flores psicotrópicas.

• Las ofrendas de animales, plantas, flores, estatuas, incienso, ornamentos (plumas, conchas), turquesa, obsidiana, jade, cobre y oro, entre otros.

Los mayas tuvieron un calendario para diversos festejos y ceremonias.

Cet article a été posté le Mardi 8 mai 2007 à 20:53 et est classé dans La Religión. Vous pouvez suivre les réponses à cet article grâce à ce flux RSS 2.0. Vous pouvez laisser une réponse au bas de la page. Les pings ne sont pas autorisés pour l'instant.

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