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Essay On Sleeping Beauty

Fairy tales have been around for many generations. They have been read to children all over the world because of how they can relate to children no matter what culture they come from. One of the more well known fairy tales is ‘Sleeping Beauty’. The most commonly known version today is the Disney movie, created in 1959. This movie was based on the Grimm’s version of Sleeping Beauty called ‘Little Brier-Rose’ which was written in 1812 in Germany. Another less known version of Sleeping Beauty is ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ which was written in 1634 Italy by Giambattista Basile. Both ‘Little Brier-Rose’ and ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ are classified as Sleeping Beauty stories because they include the components of a typical Sleeping Beauty tale. The main components are a princess cursed to a deep sleep until a nobleman wakes her with a kiss. The characters in the stories may have many differences but the key characteristics that are recognised in Sleeping Beauty characters are still apparent.

One main difference between ‘Little Brier-Rose’ and ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ is the sleeping princess. The first and most obvious difference between the two princesses is their name. In ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ the princesses is named ‘Talia’ which is a Hebrew name that means dew of God. In Grimm’s version she is named ‘Brier-Rose’ which is an English name meaning rose within a prickly shrub. The change in names is just a way of making the versions different. The princess in the Grimm’s version is cursed to death by a vengeful fairy that was uninvited to the celebration of her birth. This curse was softened by the final fairy’s good wish: “It shall not be her death. She will only fall into a hundred-year sleep.” (‘Little Brier-Rose’, Paragraph 4). In Basile’s version the king‘… sent for the wise men and astrologers in his lands, to predict her future …they came to the conclusion that she would incur great danger from a splinter of flax.’ (‘Sun, Moon and Talia’, Paragraph 1).

She is then impregnated by a married king, gives birth to twins, one boy and one girl, and then almost killed by the king’s wife. It’s possible that in the Grimm’s version the fairies were added to the story to create a more child friendly tale. Children, and even some adults, do not know what an astrologer is, so changing the prediction to a curse formed an easier story for children to understand. The content of Basile’s version is viewed nowadays as mature content. When Basile wrote the story it was 1634. This meant that children were told the same stories as adults. The innocence of children was not important in his time and that is why the content of the story is more graphic then in Grimm’s version. Another reason Grimm’s story has this difference could be that in ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ the antagonist is not introduced until after the princess has awoken. In Grimm’s tale the antagonist is introduced right at the beginning changing the flow of the story. In ‘Little Brier-Rose’ and “Sun, Moon and Talia’ the antagonists are very different. Basile’s version has the antagonist as a jealous wife. She discovers that her husband has impregnated another woman and ‘with a heart of Medea’ (‘Sun, Moon and Talia’, paragraph 8) tries to murder the children and the princess.

Talia falling into a deep sleep was just the catalyst that introduces the antagonist and creates the climax of the story. In Grimm’s version the antagonist was changed to a fairy that was uninvited to the celebration of the princess’s birth due to a lack of golden plates owned by the palace. She walks into the party and yells “Because you did not invite me, I tell you that in her fifteenth year, your daughter will prick herself with a spindle and fall over dead.” (‘Little Brier-Rose’ paragraph 3) After she leaves the palace she is not mentioned again. The story does not explain what happens to her. Some later adaptations of Grimm’s tale have speculated on what may have happened to her but does not come to any conclusion. In ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ the antagonist is found out by the king and thrown into the same fire she had created for Talia. This story shows that good will always beat evil. The antagonist being killed in the end means that Talia and her family can live without fear of the woman which helps the reader to feel safe. In Grimm’s version she is never heard from again leaving the readers to wonder what happened to her.

The other main character that is different between ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ and ‘Little Brier-Rose’ is the nobleman or the hero of the story. In Little Brier-Rose the prince arrived at the castle after 100 years and wakes the princess and the palace up with a kiss. The prince walks right into the castle with no danger to him. When he arrived at the hedge “…it turned into flowers. They separated, and he walked through, but after he passed, they turned back into thorns.” (‘Little Brier-Rose’, paragraph 10). The prince was introduced into the story for the sole purpose of waking the palace up. This is very different to the nobleman in Basile’s version. He was a married King that found the palace while hunting. When he found Talia asleep in the palace “he lifted her in his arms, and carried her to a bed, where he gathered the first fruits of love. Leaving her on the bed, he returned to his own kingdom …” (‘Sun, Moon and Talia’, paragraph 4). He had impregnated her and eventually she gave birth to twins who woke her up. When Talia met the king again they fell in love.

The king, at his palace, talks in his sleep about Talia and the children. This created suspicion in his wife which results in him saving Talia from a painful burning death. The nobleman in Basile’s version has more of a role as he introduces the antagonist and the complication of the story. The main characters in the story have many differences but still make up a sleeping beauty tale because of their key similarities. The first and most obvious one is the sleeping girl. A beautiful girl has, for whatever reason, fallen into a deep, death like state. Both girls come from a rich and high class family, they are both found by a nobleman and they both eventually marry the nobleman. Another obvious similarity is that both antagonists are female and want revenge on the sleeping princess. Something about the antagonists that isn’t so obvious is that both of them were mistreated in the first place. In Basile’s version the king impregnates another woman therefore betraying his wife. When she confronted Talia “She addressed her thus, “Welcome, Madam Busybody! You are a fine piece of goods, you ill weed, who are enjoying my husband.” (Sun, Moon and Talia, paragraph 13).

In Grimm’s version the fairy was overlooked by the father and mother of the princess who neglected to invite the fairy to the party She cursed he princess because of this. In ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ the nobleman was the one to find Talia and, indirectly, wake her from her sleep. In ‘Little Brier-Rose’ the nobleman was also the one to find the princess and wake her up. This makes the nobleman the hero in both stories. In Grimm’s Sleeping Beauty tale, ‘Little Brier-Rose’ we have a princess cursed to sleep by an uninvited fairy and a prince who saves the palace with a kiss. In Basile’s version, ‘Sun, Moon and Talia’ The princess falls into a death like state, is found by a married king and impregnated, awoken by her children and almost killed by his jealous wife. The differences may be due to the time when the stories were written and the inappropriate content for children in Basile’s version but they are both still Sleeping Beauty tales.

Sleeping Beauty

By Charles Perrault

Narrated by Sharon Blumberg

Text size: A-AA+

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Sleeping Beauty

Illustrated by Aswin Amarnath

Narrated by Sharon Blumberg

Once upon a time, in the days when there were fairies, a king and queen reigned in a country far away. Now this king and queen had plenty of money, plenty of fine clothes to wear, plenty of good things to eat and drink and a coach to ride out in every day. However, although they had been married many years, they had no children. This saddened them very much, as they dearly wanted a child.

One day, as the queen was walking by the side of the river at the bottom of the garden, she saw a poor little fish that had thrown itself out of the water and lay gasping and nearly dead on the bank. The queen took pity on the little fish and threw it back again into the river. Before it swam away, it raised its head out of the water and said “I know what your wish is and it shall come true, in return for your kindness to me — you will soon have a daughter.”

What the little fish had said soon happened and the queen had a little girl, so very beautiful, that the king could not stop looking at her he was so happy. He said he would throw a great party and show the child to all the land, so he asked his kinsmen, nobles, friends, and neighbours. But the queen said “I will have the fairies also, that they might be kind and good to our little daughter.”

Now there were thirteen fairies in the kingdom, but as the king and queen had only twelve golden dishes for them to eat out of, they were forced to leave one of the fairies without asking her. So twelve fairies came, each with a high red cap on her head, red shoes with high heels on her feet and a long white wand in her hand. After the feast was over they gathered round in a ring and gave all their best gifts to the little princess. One gave her goodness, another beauty, another riches, and so on till she had all that was good in the world.

Just as eleven of them had done blessing her, a great noise was heard in the courtyard and word was brought that the thirteenth fairy had come, with a black cap on her head, black shoes on her feet and a broomstick in her hand. She quickly came up into the dining-hall. Now, as she had not been asked to the feast she was very angry, scolded the king and queen very much and set to work to take her revenge. So she cried out “The king’s daughter shall, in her fifteenth year, be wounded by a spindle, and fall down dead.”

Then the twelfth of the friendly fairies, who had not yet given her gift, came forward, and said that the evil wish must be fulfilled, but that she could soften its mischief; so her gift was, that the king’s daughter, when the spindle wounded her, should not really die, but should only fall asleep for a hundred years.

However, the king hoped still to save his dear child altogether from the threatened evil, so he ordered that all the spindles in the kingdom should be bought up and burnt. But all the gifts of the first eleven fairies came true in the meantime, for the princess was so beautiful, well behaved, good and wise, that everyone who knew her loved her.

It happened that, on the very day she was fifteen years old, the king and queen were not at home and she was left alone in the palace. So she roved about by herself, and looked at all the rooms and chambers, until at last she came to an old tower, to which there was a narrow staircase ending with a little door. In the door there was a golden key, and when she turned it the door sprang open, and there sat an old lady spinning away very busily.

“Why how now, good mother,” said the princess, “what are you doing there?”

“Spinning,” said the old lady, nodding her head and humming a tune, while the wheel buzzed.

“How prettily that little thing turns round!” said the princess, who took the spindle and began to try and spin. But scarcely had she touched it before the fairy’s prophecy was fulfilled. The spindle wounded her and she fell down lifeless on the ground.

However, she was not dead, but had only fallen into a deep sleep. The king and the queen, who had just come home, and all their court, fell asleep too. The horses slept in the stables, the dogs in the court, the pigeons on the house-top and the very flies slept upon the walls. Even the fire on the hearth left off blazing and went to sleep and the spit that was turning about with a goose upon it for the king’s dinner stood still. The cook, who was at that moment pulling the kitchen-boy by the hair to give him a box on the ear for something he had done amiss, let him go, and both fell asleep. The butler, who was slyly tasting the ale, fell asleep with the jug at his lips. And thus everything stood still, and slept soundly.

A large hedge of thorns soon grew round the palace and every year it became higher and thicker. At last, the old palace was surrounded and hidden, so that not even the roof or the chimneys could be seen. But there went a report through all the land of the beautiful sleeping princess, so that, from time to time, several kings’ sons came and tried to break through the thicket into the palace. This, however, none of them could ever do, for the thorns and bushes laid hold of them, as it were with hands and there they got stuck and could not escape.

After many, many years there came a king’s son into that land and an old man told him the story of the thicket of thorns, how a beautiful palace stood behind it and how a wonderful princess lay in it asleep, with all her court. He told, too, how he had heard from his grandfather that many, many princes had come and had tried to break through the thicket, but that they had all stuck fast in it. Then the young prince said, “All this shall not frighten me; I will go and see this sleeping princess.” The old man tried to hinder him, but his mind was made up to go.

Now that very day the hundred years were ended and as the prince came to the thicket he saw nothing but beautiful flowering shrubs. He got through them with ease and they shut in after him as thick as ever. Then he came at last to the palace and there in the court lay the dogs asleep. The horses were standing in the stables and on the roof sat the pigeons fast asleep, with their heads under their wings. And when he came into the palace, the flies were sleeping on the walls, the spit was standing still, the butler had the jug of ale at his lips, the maid sat with a chicken in her lap ready to be plucked and the cook in the kitchen was still holding up her hand, as if she was going to beat the boy.

Then he went on still farther, and all was so still that he could hear every breath he drew. At last he came to the old tower and opened the door of the little room in which the princess was and there she lay, fast asleep on a couch by the window. She looked so beautiful that he could not take his eyes off her, so he stooped down and gave her a kiss.

But the moment he kissed her, she opened her eyes and awoke, smiled upon him and they went out together. Soon the king and queen also awoke and all the court and gazed on each other with great wonder. And the horses shook themselves, the dogs jumped up and barked, the pigeons took their heads from under their wings and looked about and flew into the fields, the flies on the walls buzzed again, the fire in the kitchen blazed up, round went the spit, with the goose for the king’s dinner upon it; the butler finished his drink of ale, the maid went on plucking the fowl and the cook gave the boy the box on his ear.

The prince and the princess were married, there was a tremendous wedding feast and they lived happily together for the rest of their lives.

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Sleeping Beauty, 7.8 out of 10 based on 82 ratings - Total nr. of readings: 77,551 Copyright © The author [2014] All Rights Reserved. This story may not be reproduced without the express written permission of the author except for personal use.
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